What Is ERC?: The Employee Retention Credit Facts

As a business owner navigating the challenges of COVID-19, you may have come across the Employee Retention Tax Credit (ERTC). But what is ERTC, and how can it benefit your business?

Introduced under the CARES Act, ERTC is a refundable credit for qualified wages paid to employees during the pandemic. Initially set at 50% of wages, this was later increased to 70%, up to $10,000 per employee per quarter.

You’re eligible if your operations were fully or partially suspended or if there’s been a significant decline in gross receipts.

This article will detail not only how to claim this credit by filing Form 941-X but also discuss its relationship with PPP loans and taxation implications.

It’ll cover changes in legislation and Paychex’s ERTC service that helps with the claiming process.

Understanding ERTC could mean essential financial relief for your business during these challenging times.

Understanding ERTC

So, you’re curious about the Employee Retention Tax Credit, or ERTC as it’s commonly known?

It’s a refundable credit that businesses can snag on wages paid to their employees during the pandemic, and with extended deadlines right up to 2024 or even 2025, there’s still time for businesses to file amended returns and claim this lifesaver of a credit.

Now, let me break down some key aspects for you.

The CARES Act lets employers claim the credit against 50% of qualified wages paid between March 13 and Dec. 31, 2020. However, under the Consolidated Appropriations Act and American Rescue Plan Act, employers can claim against an increased rate of 70% of qualified wages.

To be eligible for ERTC, your business must have experienced either a full or partial suspension due to COVID-19 mandates or a significant decline in gross receipts compared to similar quarters in 2019.

Paychex has developed an ERTC Service to make it simpler for businesses like yours to claim this crucial tax relief.

Remember that retroactive claims are made by filing Form 941-X for applicable quarters.

This sure is one great way to alleviate financial strain during these trying times!

Qualification Criteria

You might be wondering if you’re eligible for this helpful tax credit, right? Well, to qualify, your business must have either experienced a full or partial suspension of operations due to COVID-19 mandates, or a significant decline in gross receipts. But what does ‘significant’ mean here? Under the CARES Act, it means that your gross receipts in any quarter were less than 50% of those in the same quarter of 2019.

Now let’s get into more detail:

  1. The Consolidated Appropriations Act changed the rules slightly – your business needs to have been impacted by forced closures or quarantines, or seen a drop in gross receipts by at least 20%.
  2. New businesses aren’t left out – they can use their starting quarter gross receipts as a reference point.
  3. For additional eligibility under the Consolidated Appropriations Act, you can determine qualification based on the preceding quarter’s gross receipts.

Pay attention that PPP loan forgiveness doesn’t count towards your gross receipts for ERTC eligibility – thanks to an IRS-provided safe harbor rule. It’s crucial to ensure all eligible expenses are included on your PPP loan forgiveness application so you maximize qualified wages for ERTC claim purposes.

Claiming the Credit

Ready to start claiming that tax credit? Let’s dive into how you can retroactively claim the ERTC and get some of that hard-earned money back.

You’ll want to first conduct a look back on your payroll during the pandemic timeframe. Remember, most businesses could claim the credit on wages until Sept. 30, 2021, with certain businesses having an extension until Dec. 31, 2021.

Once you’ve gathered all necessary data, it’s time to file amended returns for Q2, Q3, and Q4 of 2020 by April 15, 2024. For all quarters in 2021, remember the deadline is extended up until April 15, 2025. To file these returns and retroactively claim the ERTC, use Form 941-X for the relevant quarters.

If you’re an employer who took out a PPP loan during this period, make sure to determine eligible wages based on figures reflected in your loan forgiveness application. It’s crucially important that all eligible expenses were included in this application as well–this will maximize qualified wages for your ERTC claim.

Don’t let this opportunity slip away! Get started today and reclaim what rightfully belongs to your business.

Impact of PPP Loans

Navigating the waters of PPP loans can feel like a juggling act, especially when considering their impact on your ERTC claim.

If you’re an employer who received a PPP loan, determining eligible wages for the ERTC depends on how those wages were reflected on your loan forgiveness application. Essentially, you need to ensure that all eligible expenses are properly included in the application. This step is crucial because it maximizes the amount of qualified wages for your ERTC claim.

Wages paid with forgiven PPP loan proceeds aren’t eligible for the ERTC. However, if payroll costs exceed the forgiven portion of your PPP loan, those excess amounts could qualify as wages for ERTC purposes.

If you’ve already filed a Form 941-X claiming the credit and then received PPP loan forgiveness that includes those same wages, don’t panic. You’re required to file another Form 941-X to correct this overclaim situation.

So while managing both these financial aids might seem daunting at first glance, remember: careful record-keeping and understanding how they interact can make this task less overwhelming and help maximize your potential tax credits.

ERTC and Taxation

Let’s dive into the sea of taxation and uncover how the Employee Retention Tax Credit (ERTC) can impact your business’s tax scenario.

The ERTC, a refundable credit, can significantly reduce your tax burden by offsetting qualified wages paid to employees during Covid-19.

The process involves three crucial steps:

  1. Claiming the credit against 50% or 70% of wages depending on whether you’re referring to periods in 2020 or 2021 respectively.
  2. Filing Form 941-X for retroactive claims applicable to specific quarters.
  3. Ensuring all eligible expenses are reflected on PPP loan forgiveness applications to maximize qualified wages.

Remember, eligibility hinges on certain criteria such as experiencing a significant decline in gross receipts or if operations were fully or partially suspended due to government orders. It’s worth noting that PPP loan forgiveness doesn’t count towards gross receipts for ERTC qualification – this is courtesy of an IRS-provided safe harbor provision.

Navigating through these details might seem complicated but doing so could potentially unlock substantial financial benefits for your business which may strengthen its recovery from the pandemic’s adverse impacts.

Get started today and explore how leveraging the ERTC could revolutionize your tax strategy!

Changes to Legislation

You’ve likely noticed that the legislation surrounding the ERTC has evolved considerably since its inception, making it crucial to stay updated with these changes to fully reap their potential benefits.

Initially, under the CARES Act, employers could claim a credit against 50% of qualified wages paid between March 13 and Dec. 31, 2020. However, this was modified by the Consolidated Appropriations Act which bumped up the credit to 70% of qualified wages paid with a limit of $10,000 per employee per quarter.

Moreover, eligibility criteria have also been altered over time. The CARES Act required businesses’ gross receipts for a quarter to be below 50% compared to the same quarter in 2019 for them to qualify. This requirement changed under the Consolidated Appropriations Act where businesses affected by forced closures or quarantines or experiencing a drop of at least 20% in gross receipts met the qualification threshold.

Remember, new businesses without comparative figures from 2019, can use their starting quarter’s gross receipts as a reference point.

It’s vital you keep abreast of these legislative shifts so you can effectively navigate and maximize your ERTC claims.

Assistance for Businesses

Don’t worry if this all sounds a bit overwhelming – assistance is available to help you in claiming these vital credits. For instance, Paychex has developed an ERTC Service designed specifically to aid businesses like yours. This service can help you conduct a look back on your payroll during the pandemic period and retroactively claim the ERTC.

To ensure you’re maximizing your credit, it’s crucial to include all eligible expenses on PPP loan forgiveness applications. If you had a PPP loan, determining eligible wages for ERTC will be based on how they were reflected on the loan forgiveness application.

When assessing eligibility, remember that it hinges on either a full or partial suspension of business operations or a significant decline in gross receipts. The IRS even provides a safe harbor exclusion for PPP loan forgiveness from gross receipts for assessing ERTC eligibility.

Remember, while deadlines have been extended, don’t delay in filing Form 941-X for applicable quarters to retroactively claim your credit. Your business could greatly benefit from these funds, so take advantage of every opportunity available to secure them.

Find Out How Much Money You Qualify For, Click Here And Fill Out the Form


So, you’ve got the scoop on ERTC now. It’s a relief for businesses hit by COVID-19, offering significant tax credits for qualified wages.

But remember, claiming it involves specific criteria and paperwork. Also, keep tabs on changes to legislation and how PPP loans affect your eligibility.

Don’t worry if it sounds complicated; help is available through services like Paychex.

Navigate wisely to reap the benefits of this credit!


Affiliate Disclaimer: From time to time, I will promote, endorse, or suggest products
and/or services for sale that are not my own. My recommendation is ALWAYS based on
My personal belief is that the product and its creator will provide excellent and valuable
information or service. This may be based on a review of that product, my personal or
professional relationship with that person or company, and/or a previous positive
experience with the person or company whose product I am recommending. In most
cases, I will be compensated via a commission if you decide to purchase that product
based on my recommendation.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top